Geothermal Earth Loops for Martinsburg

In part three of our Introduction to Geothermal series, we are going to talk about geothermal loop systems and how each type works.

A geothermal loop is the series of underground pipes used to transfer heat to and from the earth. These pipes are formed out of high-density polyethylene to create a dependable, long-lasting system. They are adhered together using thermal fusion that will produce a bond that is much stronger than the original pipe itself. In fact, a properly installed loop can remain up to 200 years.
 
There are two main types of geothermal loop systems that are mostly used in today's installations: open loop systems and closed loop systems. Both systems have different pros and cons for your heating or cooling solution. We at Bragg Mechanical and Geothermal Services have the knowledge and expertise on both types, and we will guide you step by step in the process of determining the right choice for your geothermal installation.

Open loop geothermal solutions are designed to maximize the natural groundwater from below your home. Using a well, water is pulled from an existing aquifer and transferred to the geothermal heat pump where its heat is withdrawn and the water is pumped back into the ground or to a designated runoff. Since the water that you are handling is not being treated in any way, the only thing that is being returned to the earth is water that is just a little warmer or cooler (depending whether you're in heating or cooling mode).

One consideration to watch out for with an open loop system is water quality. Mineral build-up can happen from poor quality water. This can be attended to with an occasional cleaning. If the water in the ground has higher iron content, you will need to make sure that the discharge water is kept away from air before it is returned to prevent clogs.
 
Closed loops are just as they sound. Rather than pumping water from a well and depositing it elsewhere, water is circulated in a fully sealed circuit with a small amount of environmentally-friendly antifreeze.
 
There are two main types of closed loop installations: horizontal and vertical. Installing the system horizontally needs quite a bit of land space. The piping is buried in trenches between 4 and 6 feet deep and can be up to 400 feet long. If you live on a smaller lot, the loops can be installed vertically by boring straight down using drilling equipment. This sort of installation can be installed in as little as a 10ft by 10ft  area.
 
In either case, the bigger the building, the bigger the geothermal heat pump and loop needs to be. A good ball park figure is that for every ton of system capacity, you will need 500 to 600 feet of pipe.
 
Contact Bragg Mechanical and Geothermal Services today to find out what system options are available to you here in Martinsburg.